I decided to make this glossary of terms I have used so far for new people stumbling upon this blog. That way you won’t have to dig through past posts to figure out what I’m talking about. I will add more to this glossary as new terms pop up.
Ahti: God of the waters.
Haltija: Guardian spirits found either in nature, around the home, or for the self.
Helajuhla: Holiday to celebrate spring.
Hiisi: A sacred place where sacrifices were given. In present day the word is associated with the devil, or haunted place.
Hongotar: Ancestral spirit, or mother, of the bear.
Kalevala: The national epic of Finland.
Kantele: A lap harp left behind by Väinämöinen at the end of the Kalevala. It traditionally has 5-10 strings, but larger ones exist too.
Karhunpäivä: The bear feast.
Kekri: Feast to celebrate the end of the year and the coming of winter. Done at the end of October/beginning of November.
Keskinen: The middle world; where we live.
Kiputyttö: Tuoni’s daughter, who lives on top of Pain Mountain and collects all pain in a bright basket. Thought to be another aspect of Louhi.
Kuu: ‘Moon’, also worshipped as a god.
Louhi: Mistress of Pohjola and ruler of Tuonela along with Tuoni. Sometimes thought to be his bride.
Lovi: A hole, cave, or crack where the shaman can enter to reach the other world.
Luonto: One’s own spirit, which can be raised to achieve an ecstatic state.
Manala: Realm of the dead(Also called Tuonela).
Mielikki: Tapio’s mistress and mother of Nyyrikki. She helps drive animals to the hunter.
Noita: A shaman, sometimes with connotations of witch.
Nyyrikki: Mielikki’s son. He helps guide hunters to the animals, and also helps show paths to those lost in the forest.
Ohto/Otso: The bear spirit
Otava: The Great Bear
Pain Hill/Mountain: Where Tuoni’s daughter lives and collects all pain in a bright basket.
Pellonpekko: God of the fields.
Päivätär: The sun goddess.
Päivölä: The upper world, with the sun goddess, Päivätär, in the center.
Sampsa Pellervoinen: Male fertility god.
Seid: An awe-inspiring rock formation where the Sami people worshipped.
Suomenusko: ‘Finnish faith’. A name often given to describe modern-day Finnish paganism.
-Suomenuskoinen (have also heard suomenuskolainen): One who practices suomenusko.
Talvennapa/Talvenharja: Holiday in mid-winter to celebrate the returning of the sun.
Tapio: God of the forest.
Tellervo: Tapio’s maiden, who helps lost women and is also the watcher of cattle.
Tietäjä: Wise-man or shaman.
Tuonela: The realm of the dead, ruled by Tuoni, his daughters, and Louhi.
Tuulikki: Tapio’s daughter, who also helps drive animals to the hunter.
Ukko: Thought to be the most powerful god. God of the sky and thunder.
Vipunen: Antero Vipunen, said to be the world’s first shaman. Väinämöinen travels into his stomach to learn the missing charms needed to finish his boat.
Väinämöinen: Eternal sage and hero of the Kalevala.
Väki: Life force or power found in specific areas of nature.
Ylinen: Other name used for the upper world.
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