Glossary

I decided to make this glossary of terms I have used so far for new people stumbling upon this blog. That way you won’t have to dig through past posts to figure out what I’m talking about. I will add more to this glossary as new terms pop up.

Ahti: God of the waters.

Haltija: Guardian spirits found either in nature, around the home, or for the self.

Helajuhla: Holiday to celebrate spring.

Hiisi: A sacred place where sacrifices were given. In present day the word is associated with the devil, or haunted place.

Hongotar: Ancestral spirit, or mother, of the bear.

Kalevala: The national epic of Finland.

Kantele: A lap harp left behind by Väinämöinen at the end of the Kalevala. It traditionally has 5-10 strings, but larger ones exist too.

Karhunpäivä: The bear feast.

Kekri: Feast to celebrate the end of the year and the coming of winter. Done at the end of October/beginning of November.

Keskinen: The middle world; where we live.

Kiputyttö: Tuoni’s daughter, who lives on top of Pain Mountain and collects all pain in a bright basket. Thought to be another aspect of Louhi.

Kuu: ‘Moon’, also worshipped as a god.

Louhi: Mistress of Pohjola and ruler of Tuonela along with Tuoni. Sometimes thought to be his bride.

Lovi: A hole, cave, or crack where the shaman can enter to reach the other world.

Luonto: One’s own spirit, which can be raised to achieve an ecstatic state.

Manala: Realm of the dead(Also called Tuonela).

Mielikki: Tapio’s mistress and mother of Nyyrikki. She helps drive animals to the hunter.

Noita: A shaman, sometimes with connotations of witch.

Nyyrikki: Mielikki’s son. He helps guide hunters to the animals, and also helps show paths to those lost in the forest.

Ohto/Otso: The bear spirit

Otava: The Great Bear

Pain Hill/Mountain: Where Tuoni’s daughter lives and collects all pain in a bright basket.

Pellonpekko: God of the fields.

Päivätär: The sun goddess.

Päivölä: The upper world, with the sun goddess, Päivätär, in the center.

Runo: ‘Poem’

Sampsa Pellervoinen: Male fertility god.

Seid: An awe-inspiring rock formation where the Sami people worshipped.

Suomenusko: ‘Finnish faith’. A name often given to describe modern-day Finnish paganism.
-Suomenuskoinen (have also heard suomenuskolainen): One who practices suomenusko.
-Suomenuskoiset: plural

Synty: “birth”

Talvennapa/Talvenharja: Holiday in mid-winter to celebrate the returning of the sun.

Tapio: God of the forest.

Tellervo: Tapio’s maiden, who helps lost women and is also the watcher of cattle.

Tietäjä: Wise-man or shaman.

Tuonela: The realm of the dead, ruled by Tuoni, his daughters, and Louhi.

Tuulikki: Tapio’s daughter, who also helps drive animals to the hunter.

Ukko: Thought to be the most powerful god. God of the sky and thunder.

Vipunen: Antero Vipunen, said to be the world’s first shaman. Väinämöinen travels into his stomach to learn the missing charms needed to finish his boat.

Väinämöinen: Eternal sage and hero of the Kalevala.

Väki: Life force or power found in specific areas of nature.

Ylinen: Other name used for the upper world.

Advertisements

Leave a response and help improve reader response. All your responses matter, so say whatever you want. But please refrain from spamming and shameless plugs, as well as excessive use of vulgar language.

2 Responses to “Glossary”

  1. Ötöpesän jengi

    Miksi löylyä ei ole täällä?

    Löyly on eräs elämänvoima.Kiinan “qi” on aika sama asia.

    Löylynlyömä tarkoittaa..no, kahjoa.

  2. Ötöpesän jengi

    Ja karsikko sitten.

    Olennainen asia.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s